Reseaarch on dating violence
The study identified a significant association between corporal punishment during childhood and violence toward dating partners in adulthood.Specifically, people who got spanked as kids had a 29 percent higher risk for perpetrating dating violence, the findings showed."Parents are a child's first look at relationships and how conflicts are handled.Corporal punishment is communicating to children that violence is an acceptable means of changing behavior." It's estimated that about 80 percent of children worldwide are subjected to physical punishment, the study authors said. "Although mounting evidence shows the many detrimental effects of corporal punishment, many parents, much of the general public, and even some schools continue thinking this is an acceptable means to punish misbehavior," he said. Domestic violence, generally, has high levels of repeat calls for police service. For instance, police data in West Yorkshire (United Kingdom) showed that 42 percent of domestic violence incidents within one year were repeat offenses, and one-third of domestic violence offenders were responsible for two-thirds of all domestic violence incidents reported to the police.
Further, many adolescents have difficulty recognizing physical and sexual abuse as such and may perceive controlling and jealous behaviors as signs of love (Levy, 1990).
"While we can't say that spanking causes later violence, it follows that if a kid learns that physical punishment is a way to solve conflict, he/she may carry that over into conflicts with later intimate partners," said study senior author Jeff Temple.
He's a professor at the University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston.
Victimization surveys indicate that lower-income women are, in fact, more frequently victims of domestic violence than wealthier women.
Women with family incomes less than ,500 are five times more likely to be victims of violence by an intimate than women with family annual incomes between ,000 and ,000. Although the poorest women are the most victimized by domestic violence, one study also found that women receiving government income support payments through Aid for Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) were three times more likely to have experienced physical aggression by a current or former partner during the previous year than non-AFDC supported women. Overall, in the United States, blacks experience higher rates of victimization than other groups: black females experience intimate violence at a rate 35 percent higher than that of white females, and black males experience intimate violence at a rate about 62 percent higher than that of white males and about two and a half times the rate of men of other races. Other survey research, more inclusive of additional racial groups, finds that American Indian/Alaskan Native women experience significantly higher rates of physical abuse as well., † It is unclear how much of the differences in victimization rates by race is the result of willingness to reveal victimization to survey interviewers (Tjaden and Thoennes, 2000).